ste tu: Summary


Trnava was the first town in the territory of the present-day Slovakia which was granted the town privilege. It was done by the document called Bulla by the Hungarian King Bela IV in 1238. Trnava became a free royal town and it preordianed its medieval development to a large extend.
In the period 1543-1820 Trnava was the seat of the archbishop of Esztergom and the religous centre of the whole Hungary. The Archbishop Peter Pazmany founded a university in the town in 1635 and it was moved to Buda in 1777, but it played an important role at the development of education and national consciousness of the Slovaks.
In 1793 the Catholic priest Anton Bernolák founded the Slovak Learned Society and later he became the first codificator of standard Slovak language.
Today Trnava is a modem town with the developed industry, many universities and secondary schools and various cultural institutions. The medieval buildings in the territory of the central municipal precinct surrounded by the medieval wall fortifications act as a reminder of the fame of this town. The church of John the Baptist which is the cathedral of Bratislava-Trnava Archdiocese with the seat in Trnava belongs to them.
St. Nicholas Cathedral originated from 14th century is a parson's church of the parish Trnava-town and it is a seat of the Roman-Catholic sacred musical society of St. Nicholas. Its history started in 1833 when the Music Society (Musikverein) was founded in the town. The music secular and sacred activities of the Society, its arrangement of organization, name, and the standard of art changed during its existence, but its role - performing during the Sunday's Mass, festivals and the rest religious events - has not changed by the present days. All the time it is in the sense of idea: I serve you, my God...
For more than 175 years at a stretch of existence of the Society many conductors, organists, and singers replaced.
The greatest furrow was left by Mikuláš Schneider-Trnavský, the most important and famous Roman-Catholic composer in Slovakia, conductor, choirmaster, teacher and a public worker. In the history of the postwar Czechoslovak Republic he was the first musician in Slovakia who was awarded the title of the national artíst in 1956.
-Elena Kittnárová, the soloist of the Slovak National Theatre
-Professor Ladislav Burlas, a composer and musicologist.
-Richard Vandra, professor of the Royal Conservatoire in Bilbao (Spain)
and many other later graduates of conservatoire were the members of the Society
in their youth.

The Society has the works of M. Schneider-Trnavský, l. Reimann, C. Kempter, W. A. Mozart, Julius v. Beliczay, A. Říhovský, C. Seyler, F. Bühler, L. van Beethoven, J. L. Bella, J. G. Zangl, F. Schubert, Z. Kodály, L. Geppert and others in the repertoire.